This mosque was built by Sultan Ahmet I
during 1609-1616 in the square carrying his name in İstanbul. The
architect is Sedefhar Mehmet Ağa. It is the only mosque in Turkey with
six minarets. The mosque is 64 x 72 m in dimensions. The central dome
is 43 m in height and is 33.4 m in diameter. 260 windows surround the
mosque. Due to its beautiful blue, green and white tilings it has been
named the "Blue Mosque" by Europeans. The inscriptions were made by
Seyyid Kasım Gubari.
furnishings of Sultan Ahmet Camii are typical of those of the other
imperial mosques in Istanbul.The most important element in the
interior of any mosque is the mihrab, a niche set into the center of
the wall opposite the main entrance.The purpose of the mihrab is to
indicate the kible, the direction of the holy city Mecca, toward which
the faithful mast face when they perform their prayers.In the great
mosques of Istanbulthe mihrab is invaribly quite grand, with the niche
itself made of finely carved and sculptured marble and the adjacent
wall sheathed in ceramic tiles.To the right of the mihrab we see the
mimber, or pulpit, where the imam stands when he is delivering his
sermon at the time of noon prayer on Fridays or on holy days.The
mosque is flooded with light from its 260 windows.
These were once filled
with colored glass which would have tempered the too-crude brightness;
now they are slowly being replaced with modern immitations.The painted
arebesquesin the domes and upper parts of the building are less good
than examples of this type of decoration from 16th and 17th century,
when they were reachly elaborate in design and somberly magnificiant
SULEYMANIYE MOSQUE AND KULLIYE
domes and four slender minarets of the Imperial Suleymaniye Mosque
dominate the skyline on the Golden Horn's west bank. Considered the
most beautiful of all imperial mosques in Istanbul, it was built
between 1550 and 1557 by Sinan, the renowned architect of the Ottoman
Empire's golden age. Erected on the crest of a hill, the building is
conspicuous for its great size, emphasized by the four minarets that
rise from each comer of the courtyard. Inside are the mihrab (prayer
niche showing the direction to Mecca) and the mimber (pulpit) made of
finely carved white marble and exquisite stained-glass windows
coloring the incoming streams of light. It was in the gardens of this
complex that Suleyman and his wife, Hurrem Sultan (Roxelane), had
their mausolea built, and near here also Sinan built his own tomb. The
mosque complex also includes four medreses, or theological schools, a
school of medicine, a caravanserai, a Turkish bath, and a kitchen and
hospice for the poor.
EYUP SULTAN MOSQUE
It is the first
mosque constructed in Istanbul after conquer. It is constructed on
1458 by Fatih Sultan Mehmet, together with mausoleum. Todays mosque
is the mosque constructed under supervision of HUseyin Efendi with
demolishing the former mosque until to its base on 1800.
The Imperial Fatih Mosque, constructed between 1462 and 1470, bears
the name of the Ottoman conqueror of Istanbul, Fatih Sultan Mehmet,
and is the site of his mausoleum. Standing atop another of Istanbul's
hills, its vast size and great complex of religious buildings -
medreses, hospices, baths, a hospital, a caravanserai and a library
make it well worth a visit.
It is at the square, which is mentioned with its name. This great
mosque and ıts kulliye, (theology school, school, imaret, caravansary
and hamam), is constructed by son of Fatih, II. Bayezit on 1501 -
1506. It has two minarets which are 87 meters away from each other.
Plan of the Bayazıt Mosque is similar to Hagia Sophia. But it is
separated from it with especially a perfect architectural application
which includes a different characteristic having worship order of a
It is at Sarachane across the Minicipality Palace. Kanuni, ordered
Mimar Sinan to construct a mosque in memory of his 1543 died son,
Mehmet, and construction strated on 1544, had completed on 1548.
Mosque, which is at the city center, is in the middle of a complex
composed of theology schools, mausoleums, tabhane and imaret.
It is at the Nuruosmaniye entrance of closed bazaar. Construction this
mosque is commenced by I. Mahmut on 1748, and completed on 1755 during
III. Osman due to his death.
SOKULLU MEHMET PASA
It is at Kadırga. It is constructed to Mimar Sinan on 1671 by III.
Selim's daughter, Esmehan Sultan, in memory of her husband, Vizier
Mehmet Paşa. Inside of the mosque is adorned with the most beautiful
tiles of the period till to the feet of the dome. Balcony cone is also
BEZM - I ALEM VALIDE
SULTAN (Dolmabahce) MOSQUE
As it is understood from the inscription of Poet Ziver on the
courtyard's door, Valide Sultan had started the construction of the
mosque, and her son AbdUlmecit had completed it on 1853.
On 1848, its siege ramparts are removed and a naval museum is
established within the mosque
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