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GENERAL INFO

Official Name The Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti)
Founder Mustafa Kemal ATATÜRK ( 1881-1938 )
Capital ANKARA
Population 65.3 million (as of 2000)
Literacy rate 1935 % 19.25
1990 % 80.46
Language Turkish (uses Latin Alphabet)
Currency Turkish Lira ( TL )
Flag Red background with a white crescent and star in the middle
Location Eastern Mediterranean. Located on two contitents Europe and Asia. The European part of Turkey is called Thrace, while the Asian part is called Anatolia or ( Asia Minor )
Area 814 578 Km2 (314 500 square miles)
% 3 on the European continent
% 97 on the Asian continent
Major Cities Istanbul 9.2 million
Ankara 3.7 million
Izmir 3.1 million
Konya 1.9 million
Adana 1.7 million
Bursa 1.2 million
Religion % 99 of the population is Muslim . Turkey is a secular state that quarantees complete freedom of worship to non-Muslims.
National Anthem " Istiklal Marsi " ( Independence March ) Lyrics by : Mehmet Akif Ersoy Adopted as Turkey's National Anthem on March 12,1921
Government Turkey is democratic, secular and social state governed by the rule of law; committed to the nationalism of Atatürk and based on the principle of the separation of powers;
Legislative Power: The Turkish Grand National Assembly
Executive Power:President and the Council of Ministers.
Judicial Power:Independent courts and supreme judiciary organs.
Coastline 8333 Km. (5000 miles)
Turkey is surrounded by sea on three sides, by the Black Sea in the North, the Mediterranean in the south and the Aegean Sea in the West. In the north-west there is also an important internal sea, the Sea of Marmara, between the straits of the Dardanelles and the Bosphorus
Geographical Regions Turkey has 80 administrative provinces and seven geographical regions. The first four of the seven regions are given the names of the seas which are adjacent to them.
  • Black Sea Region
  • Marmara Region
  • Aegean Region
  • Mediterranean Region
    The other three regions are named in accordance with their location in the whole of Anatolia.
  • Central Anatolia Region
  • Eastern Anatolia Region
  • Southeastern Anatolia Region
  • Famous Landmarks Ayasofya Museum, Topkapi Palace, Blue Mosque, Dolmabahçe Palace, ancient City of Troy, Ephesus, Aphrodisias, Pergamon, Pamukkale, Göreme- Cappadocia, Mt.Nemrut, Safranbolu
    Some important products As of 1998, Turkey has the first place in the world in terms of hard-shell nuts, fig and apricot production, the fourth place in fresh vegetables, grape and tobacco production and the seventh place in wheat and cotton production. Turkish delight and helva are famous throughout the world.
    Turkey is among the leading countries in textiles and ready to wear clothing production. The exports of this sector constitutes 36 percent of total industrial exports. The leather processing industry is also very developed in Turkey both in terms of technological level and high production capacity and comes after textiles in terms of export figures.
    Time Local time is equal to GMT + 2 hours. Same time zone all over the country ( seven hours ahead of U.S. -eastern standard time- )
    Electricity 220 volts a.c. all over Turkey
    Weights and Measures Metric and Kilo system


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